Twitching eyes and muscles
Hemifacial spasm - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
Hemifacial spasm HFS is an involuntary twitching or contraction of the facial muscles on one side of the face. Medication, surgery, and Botox injections are treatment options to stop the spasms and relieve the discomfort. Each treatment offers benefits, but each has limitations. You and your doctor should determine which treatment is best. Hemifacial spasm also called tic convulsif is an involuntary twitching of the facial muscles on one side of the face. The facial muscles are controlled by the facial nerve seventh VII cranial nerve , which originates at the brainstem and exits the skull below the ear where it separates into five main branches Fig.
Linear scleroderma has been associated with muscle spasms ipsilateral to skin lesions. Typically, spasms are located in trigeminal innervated muscles, leading to hemimasticatory spasm HMS. We report a case of linear scleroderma associated with spasm of muscles innervated not only by the trigeminal but also by the facial nerve.
Hemifacial spasm HFS is a rare neuromuscular disease characterized by irregular, involuntary muscle contractions spasms on one side hemi- of the face -facial. This disease takes two forms: typical and atypical. In typical form, the twitching usually starts in the lower eyelid in orbicularis oculi muscle. As time progresses, it spreads to the whole lid, then to the orbicularis oris muscle around the lips, and buccinator muscle in the cheekbone area. This disorder occurs in both men and women, although it affects middle-aged or elderly women more frequently.